Cough Out That Infection
- Fever higher than 100.4 F
- Cough lasting more than 10 days
- Cough with mucous (sputum) of any colour (dear, yellow or green)
- Chest pain when you cough, troubled breathing or coughing up blood
- Barking cough that makes it hard to talk
Fever is not common in people with acute bronchitis.
Consult your doctor If you have any of the following:
- Cough is very severe or lasts longer than three weeks
- Fever for more than three days
- Sputum is streaked with blood
- Difficulty breathing (more than 30 breaths a minute) or chest pains
- Drowsy or confused
- Repealed episodes of bronchitis
- Underlying heart or lung condition
- Older than 70
Persistent cough after an upper respiratory infection (cold) does not require medical attention. X-rays, cultures and blood tests are not usually needed for people with acute bronchitis. Tests may be advised if the diagnosis is not clear, or if another condition, such as pneumonia, is suspected.
There is no specific treatment for bronchitis. There are a few treatments available for the common cold.
To get relief from symptoms
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents or paracetamol can help relieve the pain of sore throat or headache.
- Steam inhalation can improve symptoms of nasal congestion and runny nose.
- Cough suppressant medications have not been shown to be helpfu] for most patients.
Antibiotics are NOT helpful for most people with bronchitis as the illness is typically caused by virus. Antibiotics treat bacterial, not viral infections.
1. Hand washing is an essential and highly effective way to prevent the spread of infection. Alcohol-based hand rubs are also effective. Wash your hands:
- Before preparing food and eating
- After going to bathroom
- After coughing, blowing nose or sneezing
2 Use a tissue to cover your mouth when sneezing or coughing. Throw away used tissues promptly and then wash your hands. Sneezing and coughing without covering your mouth can spread infection to anyone within six feet.
3 While it is not always possible to limit contact with people who are ill, avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth after direct contact.