Diabetes: Diet and Blood tests

Diabetes can damage the blood vessels, including the arteries that supply blood to the brain. This damage makes it easier for fatty deposits (plaques) to form in the arteries. The build-up of arterial plaques (atherosclerosis) can choke off blood supply to raise the blood pressure, leading to coronary heart disease.

Timings of Blood sugar tests:

Time of testing – Normal readings/per 100 ml of blood:

1. before breakfast – 80-120 mg.

2. 2 hours after breakfast – 140—180mg
3. Before lunch————–80—120mg;

4. Bed time——————100—140mg;

5. At 3am——————–70—140mg.

Diabetes Diet Plan:

1. High Glycemic foods raise the blood sugar levels. Then extra insulin is produced, quickly sending sugars into blood cells, this is extra burden to the pancreas.

2. Effective management of diabetes depends on a delicate balance between medication and diet control and also to keep the weight under control (neither over weight nor under weight).

3. To maintain blood sugar levels close to the normal levels.

4. Doing exercise regularly and avoiding stress and strain.

5. Avoid sweets and fried foods, which raise cholesterol levels in the blood (leading to heart disease).

6. Every adult requires 2000 calories per day to maintain optimum health.

7. The diet of the person with diabetes should consists of a good combination of nutrients i.e.;-carbohydrates, proteins, fat, vitamins and minerals, in order to stay fit and fine and to keep the blood sugar levels in check.

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