Infertility Treatment 

Infertility treatment has come a long way since Louise Brown was born on 25 July 1978 in London. Her parents faced complications of blocked fallopian tubes and underwent what would be later known as IVF or In Vitro Ferlilisation.

Although media refers to IVF as test tube baby procedure”, conception actually takes place in a Petri dish and this involves working with human gametes. Infertility means not being able to get pregnant even after one year of trying. Women, who can get pregnant but are unable to stay pregnant, could also be infertile.

Modern lifestyle, use of drugs, smoking, drinking and late marriages have contributed to the increase in infertility cases.

Incidence Of Infertility 

According to studies, 20 to 30 per cent of couples in India face some kind of infertility-related issues. 

Is infertility only a woman’s concern?  [click to continue…]

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Tobacco industry entices women to smoke by using false images of modern women, slimness, sophistication and sexuality. In reality, smoking causes diseases and death.

Smoking not only causes lung cancer, but it has a lot of adverse effects on reproductive health. Starting from difficulty in conceiving to malformations in the baby, smoking affects many aspects of the reproductive health.

Effect Of Smoking On Women

1 Women who smoke are at an increased risk of infertility.

2 Studies have shown that smoking makes it more difficult for women to become pregnant.

3 Smoking during pregnancy can cause: 

• Ectopic pregnancy

• Placental abruption

• Placenta previa [click to continue…]

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How Tobacco Dents Your Smile 

The epidemic of tobacco use is one of the greatest threats to global health. Sadly, the future looks worse, as smoking has become very common and fashionable. The most common reasons as to why people take to smoking are:

• Cultural reasons

• Peer pressure

Cigarettes, pipes and hookabs are the most popular methods of smoking and hence also the most injurious smoking elements for health. The negative impact of tobacco is not just due to smoking, but use of smokeless tobacco is also injurious to health.

Pan or betel quid consists of tobacco, areca nuts and slaked lime wrappbd in a betel leaf. It can also contain other sweeteners and flavouring agents. Pan Masala is the dried ingredient of a pan. Moist snuff is taken orally while dry snuff is powdered tobacco that is mostly inhaled through the nose.  [click to continue…]

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Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD) is caused by damage to the heart valves and heart muscle from the inflammation and scarring due to rheumatic fever. Streptococcal bacteria cause rheumatic fever, which usually begins as a sore throat or tonsillitis in children.

Who are at risk?

Rheumatic fever mostly affects children in developing countries, especially where poverty is widespread.

Symptoms 

• Chest pain

Heart palpitations

• Breathlessness on exertion

• Breathing problems when lying down

Popcorn may help keep heart disease, cancer at bay [click to continue…]

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Chronic Bronchitis 

Chronic bronchitis is a result of chronic irritation to the airways that lead to the lungs, often due to smoking. In this condition cough may be present every day for three months or longer.

Causes for chronic Bronchitis 

  • Smoking is the commonest cause, and can damage the lungs forever.
  • Breathing in toxic fumes or gases.

Symptoms of chronic bronchitis

  •  Cough on most days for at least three months, for two years in a row
  • Feeling very tired
  • Feeling short of breath
  • Chest discomfort or tightness  [click to continue…]

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Balloon Sinuplasty For a Happy Sinus 

Clinical research proves that the Balloon Sinuplasty method

of surgically addressing chronic Rhinosinusitis is a proven, minimally invasive option for dilating blocked sinuses

Sinus Balloon Sinuplasty Causes 

A properly draining sinus is a healthy sinus and when this drainage is blocked, mucous build-up starts to occur.

Due to allergic reactions, improper drainage and microbial infections, many people suffer from accumulated mucous and/or inflammation of the membrane in their sinuses, which results in chronic sinusitis.

Some may suffer from Acute Sinusitis – flaring up only when they have a bad infection.

Sinus Balloon Sinuplasty Treatment 

When a patient suffers from Sinusitis, the first course of treatment is usually medication.

  • Most often the prescription will be for antibiotics, often coupled with nasal steroid sprays, depending on the severity of the infection.
  • These help to reduce the mucosal swelling, and also fight infection and help to remove the obstruction of the sinus openings, thus enabling drainage to happen.
  • Very often doctors advise patients to use steam inhalation and/or saline nasal sprays or drops to relive the discomfort and aid in opening up the sinuses and nasal passages.  [click to continue…]

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Cough Out That Infection

Bronchitis Symptoms 

  • Fever higher than 100.4 F
  • Cough lasting more than 10 days
  • Cough with mucous (sputum) of any colour (dear, yellow or green)
  • Chest pain when you cough, troubled breathing or coughing up blood
  • Barking cough that makes it hard to talk

Fever is not common in people with acute bronchitis.

Consult your doctor If you have any of the following: 

  • Cough is very severe or lasts longer than three weeks
  • Fever for more than three days
  • Sputum is streaked with blood
  • Difficulty breathing (more than 30 breaths a minute) or chest pains
  • Drowsy or confused
  • Repealed episodes of bronchitis
  • Underlying heart or lung condition
  • Older than 70

Bronchitis Diagnosis 

Persistent cough after an upper respiratory infection (cold) does not require medical attention. X-rays, cultures and blood tests are not usually needed for people with acute bronchitis. Tests may be advised if the diagnosis is not clear, or if another condition, such as pneumonia, is suspected.

Bronchitis Treatment  

There is no specific treatment for bronchitis. There are a few treatments available for the common cold.

To get relief from symptoms 

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents or paracetamol can help relieve the pain of sore throat or headache.
  • Steam inhalation can improve symptoms of nasal congestion and runny nose.
  • Cough suppressant medications have not been shown to be helpfu] for most patients.

ALERT! 

Antibiotics are NOT helpful for most people with bronchitis as the illness is typically caused by virus. Antibiotics treat bacterial, not viral infections.

Bronchitis  Prevention 

1. Hand washing is an essential and highly effective way to prevent the spread of infection. Alcohol-based hand rubs are also effective. Wash your hands:

  • Before preparing food and eating
  • After going to bathroom
  • After coughing, blowing nose or sneezing

2 Use a tissue to cover your mouth when sneezing or coughing. Throw away used tissues promptly and then wash your hands. Sneezing and coughing without covering your mouth can spread infection to anyone within six feet.

3 While it is not always possible to limit contact with people who are ill, avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth after direct contact.

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Flail chest is a serious, life- threatening chest injury often associated with underlying lung injury and is most commonly seen in cases of significant blunt trauma to the chest.

In patients with flail chest; 

Part of the chest wall separates from the rest and it moves in an opposite direction from the rest of the chest wall

This causes the chest to appear to be flailing or struggling as the patient breathes

Flail chest Causes 

While rollover and crush injuries generally break ribs at only one point, for flail chest to occur, a significant impact is required — breaking multiple ribs, i.e., two or more adjacent ribs broken in two or more places. Although chest wail instability can lead to paradoxical movement of the chest wall during breathing (i.e., the flail segment moves in while victim breathes in, and moves out while the victim breathes out), this defect alone does not cause hypoxia — deprivation of oxygen.

Flail chest is invariably accompanied by pulmonary contusion—a bruise of the lung tissue that can interfere with blood oxygenation. Often, it is the contusion, not the flail segment that is the main cause of respiratory failure in patients with both injuries leading to hypoxia[click to continue…]

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Hangovers are not merely uncomfortable 300x276 Hangovers are not merely uncomfortableHangovers are not “merely uncomfortable” say doctors at the Veterans Affairs Medical Center in San Francisco, who reviewed 100-plus studies on the subject. The reason: they involve a good deal more than the usual headache, fatigue. nausea, and occasional diarrhoea. Poor judgment, loss of dexterity, and impaired visual-spatial skills typical of intoxication can also linger after the last traces of alcohol have left the bloodstream. Indeed, hangovers have been shown to impair the performance of pilots and drivers; hinder managerial skills and task completion; and contribute to lost productivity through absenteeism and poor job performance.

Interestingly, light to moderate drinkers cause the vast majority of hangover-related problems in the er workplace, while alcoholics account for relatively little. One reason is that light drinkers are greater in number. Hangovers also seem to he more common among them than among people who drink more heavily.

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PLEASURE OR PERIL?

People with heart disease often eschew the joys of sex, fearing harm to their heart. But while sexual passion temporarily makes your heart racc, your breathing quicken, and your blood pressure rise, it isn’t perilous for everybody with a heart condition, say researchers.

Apparently sex is no more likely to promote heart attack than other stresses, including anger or heavy exertion and aspirin, beta- blockers, and regular exercise can actually reduce the risk of heart attack after sex.

However, note this: sex with an unfamiliar partner  or in an unfamiliar setting (seedy hotel rooms?), can be particularly stressful and therefore more risky.

Well, if morals and principles can’t ensure your fidelity, maybe the threat of a heart attack canl

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